Happy Lohri, Makar Sankranti 2021: Images, History, Public Holiday, Beliefs
January month is dedicated to Indian rituals and values. It is a month full of family-friends gathering, celebrations, traditions, moral values, etc. January is mainly dedicated to two big festivals known as Lohri 2021 and Makar Sankranti. Lohri is celebrated on each 13th January while the Makar Sankranti is celebrated on 15th January of each year.
These two festivals belong to huge fun and celebrations. The people offer friends & family get-together, enjoy good homemade meals, celebrate with dance and music nights, etc. The article is about giving in-depth details of Lohri 2021 Festival. Simultaneously, you will get details about the festival of Kites i.e. Makar Sankranti. As these two festivals come back to back, hence it becomes necessary to study about both of the topics.
Happy Lohri 2021: Images, General Details, History, Traditional Value
Mainly, the festival is associated with Punjabi culture. It is a folk festival especially in Punjab. As per the mythological beliefs, It marks the beginning of the long days and end of Winter season. Simultaneously, the sun’s journey to the northern hemisphere starts from the day of Lohri.
What is the Lohri (लोहरी क्या है)?
Lohri is related to the Bikrami Calendar and celebrated just before the Maghi festival in India named as Makar Sankranti. The festival of Lohri falls in the Paush month of Hindu Calendar and is observed on each 13th January of the year.
The festival holds a scientific approach as well, according to which the sun starts its journey towards the northern hemisphere. It marks the ending of the winter season and days starts to become long. The ancient history of Lohri 2021 Occasion marks the winter crop season and the remembrance of Sun (Surya) deity.
How Lohri Is Celebrated (लोहरी पर्व कैसे मनाया जाता है)?
There are many popular tales or stories related to celebrating the Lohri 2021 festival. Some people observe it by mentioning the tale of “Dulla Bhati”. The main theme of many Lohri Songs is the legends of Dulla Bhati. He was known as the Hero of Punjab for saving many Hindu girls from being sold in the slave market of the Middle East.
It has been said that children go around homes singing the traditional folk songs associated with Dulla Bhati. One person sings the song and other people acknowledge it by saying “Ho”. After the song ends, the eldest member of the home is supposed to give a gift or money to the singers and troupe.
Popular Way of Lohri 2021 Celebration
Now the popular way involves lighting up the Bonfire. People sit around the bonfire or dance around it. As it is a festival of winters, People majorly have sugarcane products such as Jaggery, Gajak as their nuts which is harvested in Winter season.
Another way of celebrating it is with radish (Muli) which is harvested between October to January months. But the most popular food offerings are Gajak, Sarson da saag, Makki di Roti, Raddish, Ground Nuts (Mungfali), and Jaggery. In some parts, “til rice” is also a part of the major meal on Lohri Occasion which is prepared by mixing jaggery, sesame seeds and rice. The recipe is also known as Tricholli.
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Now, we will read about the associated festival i.e. Makar Sankranti. It is a festival of Kites and celebrated in many parts of India. So here are the details:
Happy Makar Sankranti 2021: Images Meaning, Details, History, Celebration
Makar Sankranti festival holds many traditional and cultural values. It is popularly known as the festival of Kite Flying. The festival is widely celebrated in the northern or north west part of India. It is the major festival in Gujarat and Rajasthan state. Hence, it becomes necessary to study all the aspects carefully.
What is the Makar Sankranti (मकर संक्रांति क्या है)?
Makar Sankranti is the important festival of Hindu Religion. The festival is largely celebrated in India and Nepal. The festival is celebrated in the Paush month (पौष माह) when sun comes in Capricorn Sign (मकर राशि) leaving the Sagittarius (धनु राशि).
Presently, the Makar Sankranti is celebrated on 14th or 15th January of each year. It is also named as Maghi or simply Sankranthi. This festival marks the end of the winter season and days start to become long from that of short days in winters.
Makar Sankranti 2021 History
Maghi or Makar Sankranti is the Hindu festival having ancient beliefs especially in India and Nepal. It is a festival observed according to the solar cycles, while other festivals are celebrated according to the lunar cycle. The dependency on solar cycles marks this festival to happen on 13th or 14th of each year.
But due to shifting of dates and solar activities, the festival is now celebrated on 14th or 15th January of each year. There are many popular names which is associated with the festival:
- Maghe Sankranti in Nepal
- Magh Bihu in Assam
- Maghi or Lohri in Punjab
- Sukarat in Central India
- Thai Pongal in Tamil Nadu
- Ghughuti in Uttarakhand
- Makar Sankranti in Odisha
How Makar Sankranti is Celebrated (मकर संक्रांति पर्व कैसे मनाया जाता है)?
The festival is celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm mainly in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Nepal, Tamil Nadu and other states of India. In Gujarat, the people fly Kites which involves different patterns, colors and names. The same process is conducted in Rajasthan where people fly kites on their terrace, play music, eat Fini, Gur, Gajak, Til ka Laddu, etc.
This day is also treated as the major day for doing some Puja, Fasting, Donations, Worships, etc. Ladies in the north western part of India, donates 14 things or objects to the married ladies. It can be anything, food or other item.
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Lohri & Makar Sankranti 2021 are the two most prominent festivals in India. These are celebrated to enjoy the ending of winters and welcoming the long days. There are many mythological, traditional beliefs associated with the festivals. Many foreign countries and people from there come here to see the enthusiasm and celebrations in India on these special days.